Geography of Bhutan

Bhutan is a country sandwiched between the two giant nations, i.e. India in the south and China in the North covering the total area of 38,394 km2. Historically the Kingdom of Bhutan was a less explored place due to rugged terrain and technologically backward in the 20th century. However, with the phenomenal changes taking place at a greater pace the nation started gaining its popularity. With the improvement in transportation, the early 21st century trip from eastern to western that once took more than months could be made in just a few days now.  At present, its population is approximately 754394 and is equally divided for 20 districts, 208 Gewogs, and 1044 Chiwogs. It is fairly covered by the rugged terrain and the perpetual snow over the mountains.

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The pristine environment and the perineal flows of the river are the source of happiness for people of this tiny nation and are also home for different species. The main natural resources such as timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate are the main sources that bring the highest income generation for the people. Anyone visiting this nation could experience tropical in the southern plains, cool winters and hot summer in central valleys, and severe winters and cool summer. The high lands are characterized by Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forest at higher elevations and Eastern Himalayan broadleaf at lower elevations.

Bhutan is the least developed nation, more than 60% of its people depend on agriculture works. Major crops cultivated in Bhutan are maize and rice. Maize is the main staple crops for the people of eastern whereas the rice is the main staple for central and southern parts. Apart from the main staples people also grow wheat, buckwheat, and cash crops.

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