King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk

King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, was born in 2nd May 1928/1929 in the Thruepang palace in Trongsa to King JIgme Wangchuck and Queen Phuntsho Choden.

Education attainment

  • He received some modern education in Bumthang and Kalimpong.
  • He also went through practical training in court.
  • He undergo his modern education in Britain and Switzerland.

Position held

  • Served as father’s chief of protocol in 1945.
  • He was appointed as Paro ponlop in 1950.
Photo credit: https://dailybhutan.com/

Enthronement

  • King Jigme Wangchuck passed away on 30th march 1952 and he took over the crown on 27th October 1952.

Legacies

  • Popularly remembered as the father of modern Bhutan.
  • One year after an ascending throne, he opened the national assembly in Punakha to share the decision-making process.
  • Under his jurisdiction, serfdom and slavery were abolished and Nepali immigrants were given Bhutanese citizenship.
  • Also. There was an adoption of supreme laws in 1959.
  • In 1961, established economic planning, five years plans to bring development in Bhutan.
  • In 1965, the royal advisory council was established to advise the king and government.
  • In 1969, removed the royal power to veto bills.
  • Bhutan saw a general separation of legislative, judiciary, and executive organs of the state.
  • Bhutan became a member of the United Nations under his rule in 1971.
Photo credit: https://dailybhutan.com/

Problems

  • Refugee from Tibet and Nepal have shaken the kingdom and caused problem during the reign of his son king Jigme Singye Wangchuck.
  • The king faced internal turmoil following the assassination of Prime Minister Jigme Palden Dorji, the king’s brother in law. The tension was between the king and his court officials on the one hand and Dorji family of the queen and prime minister on the other.
  • The king was suffering from poor health at the same time.

Death

  • Sadly, the health of the king worsened, and died on 21 July 1972, in Nairobi, Kenya due to heart failure.
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